Legal Responsibilities

‘One of the first conditions of happiness is that the link between man and nature shall not be broken.’ —Leo Tolstoy

Intellectual Property Rights | The Kingfisher is an open-access, peer-reviewed environmental magazine. The Kingfisher welcomes readers to view and use information from this website for personal, non-commercial use. Articles are published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, where users are able to read, download, or link articles. However, articles must be referenced accordingly [©The Kingfisher, author]. Articles and content originally published under The Kingfisher name should not be formally published on any other website whilst still remaining on The Kingfisher platform. You are not permitted to rephrase information obtained from this website in such a way that it is represented inaccurately or inappropriately.

Information expressed in these articles stem from governmental websites or peer-reviewed, scientific literature that are also published under a Creative Commons license. Full references can be found at the end of each article.

Images | All images are used with permission from the photographer (may be subject to copyright) or licensed in public domains under an ‘All Creative Commons’ license. If figures are originally created by The Kingfisher, you must appropriately reference The Kingfisher.

Freelance Writers | Freelance contributions are voluntary and must uphold academic integrity when submitting an article. This includes informing our readership to the best of their ability and referencing their sources appropriately; The Kingfisher has no tolerance for plagiarism. Writers should not submit an article originally published on The Kingfisher platform for publishing to another news platform; neither should articles originally published on another platform be submitted to The Kingfisher for publishing. Writers have the right to request the removal of their publication from The Kingfisher website at any time. This can be requested via email to:

Privacy Policy | All contributions will be published under the name of the writer. Any other personal information is kept private unless given permission by said individual.

Rules of Conduct | You may not make statements or take material in order to impersonate The Kingfisher. You may not contribute information towards this website that is illegal, defamatory, abusive, hateful, discriminatory, pornographic, sexually oriented or invasive of a person's privacy. The Kingfisher does not affiliate with behaviour that sets out to harm another person or a group of individuals. We reserve the right to remove any contributions that violate our terms of use.

Article Copyright License | All information on this website is subject to copyright under the Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Terms

Creative Commons License

Logo License | The Kingfisher logo is subject to copyright under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license

Creative Commons License